For the reason that 19th century, greater than 200 girls have sought the nation’s highest workplace, based on the Smithsonian. Within the early days, a lady threw her bonnet into the ring earlier than she may even vote for herself. Through the years, their ambitions have drawn derision, laughter — and jail. Now their candidacies are taken extra critically. But no girl has served as president or vice chairman.
Check out a number of the most notable makes an attempt.
The primary Black girl and first Asian American to run for vice chairman. A former prosecutor and California lawyer normal, she is the state’s junior U.S. senator. As a contender within the Democratic race for president, her most electrical marketing campaign efficiency got here when she criticized Joe Biden’s file on college integration throughout a debate. Her marketing campaign sputtered out beneath lagging ballot numbers and dwindling fundraising earlier than any major votes have been forged.
The primary girl to hunt the presidency. After a peripatetic and scrappy childhood in Ohio, Woodhull and her sister landed in New York, the place they have been Spiritualists, a well-liked motion of the day. Then as “bewitching brokers,” they made cash within the inventory market. In 1870, they based a radical newspaper. That very same 12 months, at solely 32, she declared she would run for president. She was in opposition to “sexual slavery,” insisting girls ought to have the precise to “marry, divorce, and bear kids with out authorities interference.” A cartoonist drew her because the satan. After the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher denounced her from the pulpit, she used her newspaper to say he was untrue to his spouse and a hypocrite. Woodhull — alongside together with her sister and husband — was arrested for indecency and spent Election Day in jail.
The primary girl to run a full presidential marketing campaign. A widow at 22, she was compelled to forge her personal path, however she took the one much less traveled by a lady: the regulation. In 1880, she argued a case earlier than the Supreme Court docket, the primary girl lawyer to take action, and 4 years later the “woman lawyer” was nominated for president by a 3rd occasion. As a candidate, she put the highlight on equal pay for ladies and citizenship for Native Individuals. In 1884, she obtained 5,000 votes. However hers was not one among them. “I can not vote, however I will be voted for,” she stated. She by no means would have the prospect to forged a poll. She died in 1917, earlier than the passing of the 19th Modification three years later.
Margaret Chase Smith
The primary girl to have her identify positioned in nomination by a significant occasion. A working-class lady from Maine, she was wedded to an older man and his profession in GOP politics. When her husband the congressman died in 1940, she obtained his seat — at the least as a placeholder till the subsequent election. She ran herself, gained, and stored profitable — 4 phrases within the Home and 4 within the Senate, the primary girl to win election to each homes of Congress. Generally known as the “conscience of the Senate,” she took on Joe McCarthy in 1950, saying in a speech: “I don’t need to see the Republican Get together journey to political victory on the 4 Horsemen of Calumny: Concern, Ignorance, Bigotry and Smear. … Absolutely, we Republicans aren’t that determined for victory.” In 1964, at 67 she ran for the White Home, inflicting newspapermen to giggle. One columnist thought of the Woman from Maine too outdated for the Oval Workplace, as a result of menopausal girls are susceptible to “emotional misery” and defective judgment. However proper earlier than he died, JFK referred to as her “a really formidable political determine.”
The primary black girl to run as a significant occasion candidate for president. A neighborhood organizer from New York, in 1968 she turned the primary African-American girl elected to Congress. She was on major ballots in 12 states and garnered 10% of the vote on the 1972 Democratic Nationwide Conference. “I’m not the candidate of Black America,” she declared, “I’m not the candidate of the ladies’s motion of this nation. … I’m the candidate of the folks of America.”
The primary girl and the primary Italian-American to run on a significant occasion ticket. A college teacher-turned-lawyer (like Lockwood), she was a Democratic congresswoman from New York who sponsored the Financial Fairness Act in 1981, which overhauled pension choices for ladies.
The primary girl on the GOP ticket. The favored governor of Alaska was a “hockey mother” whom John McCain picked to assist him shake up Washington. She ran as an outsider, drawing enormous crowds.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
The primary girl nominated for president by a significant U.S. political occasion. She can be the one first woman ever elected to public workplace. As a U.S. senator from New York, she first ran for president in 2008. Clinton additionally served as Secretary of State. When she conceded to Donald Trump in 2016, she stated, “I do know we have now nonetheless not shattered that highest and hardest glass ceiling, however some day somebody will.”
Six girls ran for president throughout the Democratic major, with three, together with Harris, standing out. The opposite two have been:
Elizabeth Warren: A U.S. senator from Massachusetts, she briefly was the front-runner for the nomination. Warren impressed progressives together with her coverage plans but did not win sufficient assist in early, however essential, primaries, even dropping her residence state. She left the race with 53 delegates.
Amy Klobuchar: A senator from Minnesota, the reasonable’s candidacy by no means caught fireplace. However she gained 5 delegates.
The previous Hewlett Packard CEO obtained seen for sharp and pithy remarks throughout some early GOP major debates, however she dropped out of the race after getting solely four.2% of the vote within the New Hampshire major.
The Minnesota congresswoman, a well-liked conservative, gained the Ames Straw Ballot in 2011, step one on the ladder to the White Home. However she ended up coming in sixth within the Iowa caucuses and suspended her marketing campaign in January 2012.
Patricia S. Schroeder
The congresswoman from Colorado examined the waters for a White Home run however failed to boost sufficient cash to enter the primaries. Her announcement that she wouldn’t run nonetheless generated massive headlines, enormous disappointment and controversy. Why? She cried, greater than as soon as, as TV cameras watched her put her head on her husband’s shoulder. Had been girls too emotional to manipulate, commentators within the media and across the dinner desk puzzled.
Patsy Takemoto Mink
The primary Asian-American girl to serve in Congress, she is taken into account the Mom of Title IX, which opened up alternatives for ladies in athletics. She ran in 1972 after Oregon Democrats in opposition to the Vietnam Warfare requested her to run within the state’s presidential major she obtained solely 2% of the vote.
Sources: Workers analysis, Middle for American Ladies and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers College, the Related Press, and The Nationwide Archives